Earth's strongest recorded winds...
1. Philippines, 2013
Super Typhoon Haiyan...
pres: 895 seat: 32C sust: 230 kph gust: 322 kph / torn*: 360+ kph / cat 5, El Niño ~
6,000 confirmed fatalities, 12,000 missing ~ Earth's strongest recorded Tropical Storm wind speed
2. Philippines, 2016
Super Typhoon Meranti...
pres: 890 seat: 31C sust: 220 kph gust: 305 kph / torn*: 341+ kph / cat 5, La Niña ~
400 confirmed fatalities, 2 missing ~ Earth's second strongest recorded Tropical Storm wind speed
Comment: Earth's tropical oceans all generate severe Tropical Storms.
* Note: 'torn' refers to mesovertices, common yet little understood tornadic anomalies related to Tropical Storm evaluation using the Saffir-Simpson scale. First described by Dr. Fujita in 1974, "mesovertices" are not yet included in public Tropical Storm warnings, as they are considered erratic or incidental. For years now, drone surveillace of 'eyewall mesovertices' has gathered information. Perhaps public weather forecasts and warnings need to include "expected vortex velocity". At least, "embedded tornados" warning?
Doctor Fujita: science and public viewpoint
Super typhoon Haiyan eye wall mesovertices removed portions of reinforced concrete structures. Along with storm surge, winds lifted large steel freighters onto land, far inland from tideline. Most Tropical Storm activity is not understood. However, certain Tropical Storm features are well understood. For example, mesovortex wind velocity is constrained by atmospheric conditions. Though mesovertices are incidental and therefore, scientists are challenged to differentiate "tornadic" events from embedded "gusting" surges. Extremely violent mesovertices exposed in the eye walls of cyclonic circulation are now studied by drones. For every cyclonic storm, approximate tornadic wind speeds and many other measurements are taken. Drone technology cannot yet enter the extremely violent mesovertices, or even follow them into the parent storm event, as the incidental mesovertices criss-cross through the eyewalls. Very little is known about how cyclonic tornados pass through eyewalls. The direction of their travel inside the parent storm appears to be erratic. Apart from landmass stripping and expansion (Katrina seeded more than 4,000 atmospheric tornados acros the southeast of North America in 48 hours), very little is known about mesovertices' behavior, except that they are embedded in full force storm winds. Mesovortex "risk" is not reported by governments to the public (satellite and surface observations may augment onging research, but for now, there is no reliable forcast information). In the storm's eye, the sea level mesovertices are approximately 12% to 239% of the maximum sustained storm wind speed, but may occur at any elevation in the circulations surrounding the eye wall. In general, for public weather reports, Tropical Storm wind velocity is measured as "sustained" average and "gust" values. Other storm features are more lethal than wind. Weather report emphasis over ocean surface is wind speed, while precipitation is emphasized over land surface, thereby giving focus to the single greatest threat to life in each environment. Mesovertices often produce strips of utter devastation amidst general Tropical Storm catastropy.
Wikipedia and other popular outlets are not to be relied upon, especially as storms progress and during catastrophic recovery. Public records illutrate misunderstanding. Wikipedia typically downgrades instrumentation readings for wind speed and for precipitation, especially during the years after a storm passes. For example, ST Haiyan wind gusts were estimated at 427 kph (assessing damage?), as a nurse verbally recounted on smart-phone video "a deafening roar and then tearing us apart," as wind tore reinforced concrete structures apart in a new government hospital (likely mesovertices), but 2 years later edited in Wikipedia to read as 360 kph, and now 320! Do JTWC amd NOAA keep relatively accurate records (https://metoc.ndbc.noaa.gov/?)? Sometimes the re-edits begin there, and when questioned, editors cite anticipation of 'the next big one'. Records tend to be sensational, not scientific. Yet again, scientific instrumentation has no way to distinguish and help predict wind surge gusting and antagonistic mesovortex circulations. As Dr. Fujita noted, there is much that we do not understand adequately. Scientists and public, understandably troubled by as yet poorly understood mesovortex activity in Tropical Storms, perhaps feel an urge to adjust records to reflect the latest nuance of misunderstandding. Contributing to a repectably fearful global culture, surrounding inescapable climatic reality.